Cross-Border Loan Transactions: Supplementing Canadian Law Governed Loan Documents with Collateral and Guaranty Documents Governed by U.S. Law

Many cross-border loan transactions involve subsidiaries that are organized in the United States and/or U.S. based collateral. To the extent that the underlying loan is made to a Canadian borrower by a Canadian lender, these transactions are typically documented with loan agreements governed by Canadian law (often under the law of the Province where the primary...

Compliance with XBRL for Foreign Private Issuers that Prepare their Financial Statements in Accordance with IFRS Required Beginning with Annual Reports for Fiscal Periods Ending on or after December 15, 2017

On March 1, 2017, the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) published the taxonomy for the eXtensible Business Reporting Language (XBRL) for financial statements prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards, as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (IFRS). Accordingly, foreign private issuers that prepare their financial statements in accordance with IFRS...

Resource Extraction Disclosure Requirements are Dumped

Canadian miners and oil & gas companies should be aware that on February 14, 2017, President Trump approved a joint resolution of Congress that disapproved a recent SEC rule requiring specific disclosure by resource extraction issues. The obligation to report was imposed by Rule 13q-1 under the Exchange Act. The rules would have required resource...

Impact of New Administration on Natural Resources Development in United States

Anyone who has owned or operated a project involving public lands in the United States knows of the complex jigsaw puzzle of land ownership that defines the landscape of the United States. Jurisdictional governance is divided among Federal, state, Indian, and private ownership, resulting in regulatory tides to which natural resources, energy, and mining projects...

SEC Issues No Action Letter Regarding Canadian Companies’ Registration of Rights Offerings on MJDS Form F-7

In December 2015, the Canadian Securities Administrators (CSA) announced an amended regime for a prospectus-exempt rights offering in Canada. This amended regime allows certain public companies in Canada to conduct a prospectus-exempt rights offering without prior CSA review of the rights offering circular, and using a greatly simplified rights offering circular that assumes, without incorporation...

OTCQX Update

In recent years, many Canadian companies have sought to create a U.S. market for their shares by listing on the OTCQX. Qualifying Canadian companies that have their primary listing on the Toronto Stock Exchange, the TSX Venture Exchange or the Canadian Securities Exchange may generally obtain a quotation on the OTCQX or the next lower...

DSU Plans Require Careful Review to Avoid Adverse U.S. Tax Treatment

A Canadian company is planning to adopt a deferred share unit plan (DSU plan) for its directors. Only one or two of its directors are U.S. citizens or U.S. residents (“U.S. Directors”). With only one or two U.S. Directors, you wonder whether it is important to consider U.S. tax implications. The answer is a resounding...

New Approach for the Assumption of Options in M&A

A Canadian SEC reporting company that looks to acquire a company with outstanding equity grants in the United States will frequently need to address the question: What alternatives are available for the assumption of the target’s outstanding options or other equity-based compensatory awards? Under U.S. law, both the grant of the equity award and the...

Reductions in Force and the Older Workers Benefit Protection Act

It is generally a good idea for companies not to disclose biographical information about their employees, such as marital status, religion, or age. Good HR professionals counsel managers not to ask for such information during interviews, for example, in order to avoid claims of discrimination in hiring. Under U.S. law, however, there is an important...