Managing Workplace Safety in the COVID-19 Era

The workplace safety framework in the United States is difficult to navigate at its best.  Since the beginning of the COVID-19 global health emergency, employers have faced increasingly complex challenges involving inconsistent and conflicting guidance regarding workplace safety regulations and best practices.  Since taking office in January 2021, the Biden administration has initiated the process...

FINRA Provides Informal Guidance for Canadian Issuers

The Financial Industry Regulatory, Inc. (“FINRA”) has recently provided our firm with informal guidance that, in accordance with the principles of the multijurisdictional disclosure system (“MJDS”), a Canadian issuer that is undertaking a U.S. registered public offering may count its reporting history in Canada (along with any reporting history in the United States) toward the...

Recent Hart-Scott Rodino Developments

Canadian companies engaged in M&A transactions with connections to the United States should be aware of recent changes to the rules under the Hart-Scott Rodino (HSR) Act. On February 2, 2021, the US Federal Trade Commission (FTC) announced the annual adjustment of the thresholds that trigger premerger reporting obligations (and the mandatory waiting period) under...

Often Overlooked Exception to Withholding and Reporting Requirements under FATCA

An often overlooked exception to U.S. withholding taxes may result in a lower overall U.S. tax burden. The Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (“FATCA”) was enacted in an effort to ensure that U.S. taxpayers could not avoid U.S. federal income tax on investment income through the use of non-U.S. accounts or entities. FATCA requires that...

The COVID-19 Vaccine – Next Steps for Canadian Employers with U.S. Operations

The United States is currently experiencing the largest surge in COVID-19 cases since the global health emergency began.  In the past several weeks, the United States Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) granted emergency-use authorization to the Pfizer and Moderna COVID-19 vaccines, prompting employers to ask whether they may require employees to be vaccinated. It is...

U.S. Department of Labor Rule Broadens the Classification of Independent Contractors

The United States Department of Labor (DOL) has issued a proposed rule addressing the definition of “independent contractor” in the context of the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA). Canadian companies with a presence in the United States should monitor the proposed rule and its impacts on their American operations.  If adopted, the proposed rule would...

“ECI” and its Trap for Unwary Canadian Investors in Partnerships and LLCs

A Canadian which holds a partnership interest in a U.S. or non-U.S. partnership that has “effectively connected income” (“ECI”) is subject to U.S. tax withholding with respect to the Canadian partner’s allocable share of the partnership’s ECI.  That withholding tax must be remitted by the partnership to the IRS irrespective of whether any distributions are...

Revised Definition of an “Accredited Investor”

Effective December 8, 2020, the SEC’s definition of an “accredited investor” that is eligible to purchase securities in a private placement will be expanded to cover additional categories of investors, including investment advisers, individuals with certain professional certifications, and certain family offices, Indian tribes, governmental bodies, LLCs, funds and others.  For more details, click here....

Proposed SEC Exemption for Certain Finders

On October 7, 2020, the Securities and Exchange Commission (”SEC”) proposed a new limited, conditional exemption from broker-dealer registration requirements of Section 15(a) of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (“Exchange Act”) for “finders” who assist issuers with raising capital in private markets from accredited investors. The proposed exemption would permit natural...