Category: Tax

Critical Reporting Obligation: Canadian-Owned U.S. Corporations and Disregarded Entities

Canadian persons and entities owning a significant interest in a U.S. corporation or U.S. entity classified as a “disregarded entity” for U.S. federal income tax purposes should ensure they are compliant with IRS Form 5472 filing requirements to avoid substantial U.S. federal income tax penalties. IRS Form 5472, “Information Return of a 25% Foreign-Owned U.S....

Often Overlooked Exception to Withholding and Reporting Requirements under FATCA

An often overlooked exception to U.S. withholding taxes may result in a lower overall U.S. tax burden. The Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (“FATCA”) was enacted in an effort to ensure that U.S. taxpayers could not avoid U.S. federal income tax on investment income through the use of non-U.S. accounts or entities. FATCA requires that...

“ECI” and its Trap for Unwary Canadian Investors in Partnerships and LLCs

A Canadian which holds a partnership interest in a U.S. or non-U.S. partnership that has “effectively connected income” (“ECI”) is subject to U.S. tax withholding with respect to the Canadian partner’s allocable share of the partnership’s ECI.  That withholding tax must be remitted by the partnership to the IRS irrespective of whether any distributions are...

Covid-19 Tax Relief Makes Winners out of Losses (for some)

The CARES Act, signed into law on March 27, 2020 in the wake of the onset of the Covid-19 pandemic, contained numerous changes to U.S. federal income tax law. One such change applied to the deductibility of net operating losses (“NOLs”). Legislation enacted in December 2017 commonly known as the “Tax Cuts and Jobs Act”...

COVID-19 Delays EIN Process for Canadian Applicants

Current closures at the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) have caused significant delays in obtaining an Employer Identification Number (“EIN”) for some U.S. businesses formed by Canadians, including new U.S. subsidiaries formed by Canadian companies. An EIN is a nine-digit number that the IRS assigns to businesses, which is necessary for many essential tasks, including making...

Stranded Canadians Taxed in the Time of Covid-19

As Covid-19 continues to spread, many countries, including the United States and Canada, are increasingly closing their borders in an attempt to slow the rate of infection. This precaution may, however, have unintended tax consequences for Canadians who find themselves stranded on the U.S. side of the border for the duration of the shutdown. Under...

Reviewing Compensation Arrangements for Employees Subject to U.S. Income Tax Before Year-End Could Avoid Costly Tax Penalties

We have written about this in the past [here], but the message bears repeating each year. It is easy to overlook that employment agreements, change-in-control agreements, and severance agreements with U.S. taxpayers frequently contain provisions that subject them to U.S. Internal Revenue Code Section 409A (“Section 409A”), and failure to comply can result in onerous tax...

Do You Need a Risk Factor for Proposed U.S. Federal Income Tax Reform?

Tax reform efforts by Congress are ongoing, and the substance of the tax bills remains fluid. However, for foreign corporations with U.S. operations, there are some specific potential risks to consider, such as additional limitations on the deductibility of interest, the migration from a “worldwide” system of taxation to a territorial system, and the use...

Common U.S. Tax Withholding and Reporting Errors with Respect to Certain RSUs

A Canadian company (the employer) historically has not issued equity-based awards to employees of its U.S. subsidiaries, but it now is considering doing so. Past posts have addressed potential U.S. income tax pitfalls and the need for careful review of the plan and award agreements prior to the grant of restricted stock units (RSUs) and...